— Posted in Rare Blood Diseases
Polycythemia Vera is a dysfunction of blood precursor cells, which causes purple blood cells to be present in excessive amounts. The breakdown of pink cells causes diminished oxygen transportation to very important physique tissues, leading to fatigue or a speedy heart price. Polycythemia vera : The body produces too many blood cells, from an unknown trigger. At Memorial Sloan Kettering, we deal with myelofibrosis with blood cell transfusions to increase the variety of pink blood cells.
A low degree of circulating red blood cells is named anemia. It is an acquired hematopoietic stem cell disorder. For instance, blood clots affecting the liver could lead to jaundice, stomach ache, or, probably, a situation known as Budd-Chiari syndrome (for extra info, see the Associated Issues section below). PNH may be handled with medicines or, in severe cases, bone marrow transplantation.
Furry cell leukemia could be treated, and many individuals dwell for years with the disease in remission. Medications , blood transfusions, and even a bone marrow transplant may be required to deal with aplastic anemia. Affected people also have some extent of underlying bone marrow dysfunction. Blood clots may scale back or minimize off blood move to various organs, particularly the abdomen, liver, and brain.
A number of myeloma has no remedy, but stem cell transplant and/or chemotherapy can permit many people to stay for years with the situation. Chemotherapy and/or stem cell transplantation (bone marrow transplant) can be utilized to treat leukemia, and may end in a treatment. With myeloproliferative illnesses, too many of sure forms of blood cells are made within the bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside the big bones in the physique.
In addition to myeloproliferative illnesses, we deal with a spectrum of other rare blood problems at Memorial Sloan Kettering, such as histiocytosis, which is characterized by the presence of an abnormally high variety of white blood cells known as histiocytes, and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, during which crimson blood cells break down sooner than regular.